Developing from similar roots as European bazaar (which began in London in the eighteenth Century when stunt rider Philip Astley opened the primary carnival), Australian carnival has built up its own particular character. Especially it was at the front line of the advancement of New (or Nouveau) Circus during the 1970s and 80s – during which time Circus Oz and The Flying Fruit Fly Circus were two of the greatest players.
Framed in 1978 by the merger of two groups, Soapbox Circus and New Ensemble Circus, Oz was one of the first non-creature bazaars to become showbiz royalty, originating before Cirque du Soleil by around six years. Politically propelled, Oz worked on standards of sex uniformity and aggregate possession – the entertainers were at the focal point of the show, co-concocting the material. Instead of have only one act for every craftsman, the early shows saw a little cast taking on various jobs and working with different aptitudes.
Shaped the year after Oz, and on occasion working intimately with them, The Flying Fruit Fly Circus was a performing group, however did its most noteworthy work preparing youthful specialists who proceeded to join different bazaars. In 1983 individuals from China’s Nanjing Acrobatic Troupe took an interest in a preparation program with Fruit Fly that helped instruct and spread Chinese carnival disciplines (obscure control, band jumping, etcetera) all through the Australian bazaar scene – a significant infusion of new ability.
A considerable lot of the qualities of New social circus – work without creatures, utilization of concocted material, mindfulness and self-parody, open crossform preparing strategies – still exist in Australian carnival today.
At the cutting edge of Australian contemporary bazaar, Circus Oz are as yet going solid (they praised their 30th birthday celebration in 2008), yet there are other, more current organizations affecting the global scene. Tom Crew have seen extraordinary achievement blending bazaar in with hip-bounce (their show joins trapeze artistry, turntabulism and beatboxing), while ThisSideUp Acrobatics have been commended for their show Controlled Falling Project, an abilities piece where the entertainers are the pawns of a distraught teacher whose analyses look to test the restrictions of the human body. Trapeze artist are a three-man group making work that typifies the title of their most recent creation, Smaller, Poorer, Cheaper.